Madagascar paying price for cheap European flights, says climate minister

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More than a million people facing the first climate-included famine in Madagascar are paying the price for cheap flights in Europe and appliances such as gas heaters, the country’s environment minister has said.

For several years now, the south of Madagascar has suffered successive droughts of increasing severity, and the situation has deteriorated sharply over the last few months. In August, the UN said the country was facing the world’s first climate change famine. On Tuesday, a World Food Programme representative spoke of a “heartbreaking” visit to the country with more than one million people facing famine.

Speaking to the Guardian at Cop26, Baomiavotse Vahinala Raharinirina, Madagascar’s minister for the environment and sustainable development, said the failure of rich countries to meet the $100bn climate finance target means her country cannot afford to build a water pipeline to alleviate the island’s worst drought in 40 years.

Developed countries have been promising to deliver $100bn in climate finance in order to help countries such as Madagascar adapt since 2009, but last week that target was delayed yet again.

Raharinirina said a pipeline that would bring water from the north of the island to the drought-stricken south would only cost $9m, but the country could not afford it. “I was wondering three days ago during negotiation session why it is so difficult for rich countries to pay this money. It’s not aid. It’s accountability,” she said of the $100bn for developing countries to adapt to the climate crisis. “My opinion is that in the north, there is a psychological distance to the problem. People seeing documentary and pictures but do not feel it like we feel it when I go to the southern part of my country.”The road between Amboasary Atsimo and Ambovombe, Madagascar. ‘People from this deep south of Madagascar are victims of something that they didn’t do,’ the minister told the Guardian.© Photograph: Rijasolo/AFP/Getty Images The road between Amboasary Atsimo and Ambovombe, Madagascar. ‘People from this deep south of Madagascar are victims of something that they didn’t do,’ the minister told the Guardian.

She added that there was a physiological dissonance between the behaviour of Europeans and Americans, and the consequences for people in the global south such as Malagasies enduring 45-degree temperatures all year round with little rainfall, calling for the global north to reflect on how countries such as Madagascar can live with “dignity”.

“People from this deep south of Madagascar are victims of something that they didn’t do,” she said.Children attempt to plough a plantation using cattle in Grand Sud of Betsimeda, Maroalomainty commune, Ambovombe district, Madagascar. Photograph: OCHA/Reuters© Provided by The Guardian Children attempt to plough a plantation using cattle in Grand Sud of Betsimeda, Maroalomainty commune, Ambovombe district, Madagascar. Photograph: OCHA/Reuters

She argued that cheap flights in the global north should be banned and asked Britons not to fly to popular holiday destinations such as Spain. “We should forbid the low-cost flights where you sometimes have two people go from Paris to Madrid or from Edinburgh to Vienna. It shouldn’t be illegal because it’s not a low-cost flight. It’s high-cost flight for people in my country. They pay the price of that.”

“In September, I was attending the IUCN congress in Marseille, and I was totally shocked to see in Paris, people who are dining outside the restaurant but they are heating [with gas]. This should be illegal,” she said.

“There are many things that should be changed also in the way of life of many European or North American or Chinese people. You have to make a choice or have to make a sacrifice.”

“People from the deep south now move to the west of Madagascar and it’s a real risk to the biodiversity. When they move, they directly go to the protected areas where they can find resources like wood and medicinal plants – things that are normally forbidden. But when you have 10,000 people move in like that, it’s a new phenomenon for government like us,” she said.

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